50th Anniversary of American Studio Glass

2012 marks the 50th anniversary of the American studio glass movement.  To celebrate this occasion, over 165 museums, universities and arts organizations throughout the U.S. are presenting exhibitions or programs relating to contemporary glass.  The movement began at the  Toledo Museum of Art:

In 1962, the Studio Glass Movement was born in a garage on the Museum grounds. Harvey Littleton, a pottery instructor, received the support of then-director Otto Wittmann to conduct a workshop to explore ways artists might create works from molten glass in their own studios, rather than in factories. A prototype “studio” furnace was built in the TMA garage, but for the first three days of the workshop all attempts to fuse molten glass failed. Finally, Dominick Labino, then vice president and director of research at Johns Manville Fiber Glass, showed up with advice on furnace construction, and with glass marbles that melted. Harvey Leafgreen, a retired glassblower from Libbey Glass, was then able to demonstrate his craft. Later that summer, many participants returned for a second workshop.

As an appraiser specializing in art glass, I am always looking for opportunities to view art glass and gain education.  Last Fall I attended the Sculpture Objects and Functional Art (SOFA) Show in Chicago.  I enjoyed the opportunity to view contemporary art glass and meet many artists, including Lino Tagliapietra.

The Art Alliance for Contemporary Glass (of which I am a member)  has a calendar of events and celebrations for 2012 at http://contempglass.org/2012-celebration/events.    While you’re at the website, check out “A Visual History of Glass” and “Featured Glass Art Videos”.

Pile Up by Harvey Littleton
Pile Up Harvey K. Littleton (American, b. 1922) United States, Spruce Pine, North Carolina, 1979 Kiln-formed glass, cut glass base

The Glass Art Society is having their annual conference from June 13-16, 2012 in Toledo, Ohio, the birthplace of studio glass.

The Corning Museum of Glass is having their annual seminar on glass October 18-20 titled “Celebrating 50 Years of American Studio Glass” in conjunction with exhibits featuring Harvey Littleton and Dominick Labino, founders of the studio glass movement.

If you have a chance, I encourage you to attend some of the programs and special exhibits celebrating the studio glass movement this year.  It is a rare opportunity to view such a large amount and wide variety of contemporary art glass.

Gold and Green Implied Movement by Harvey Littleton
Gold and Green Implied Movement Harvey K. Littleton (American, b. 1922) United States, Spruce Pine, North Carolina, 1987 Hot-worked barium/potassium glass with multiple cased overlays of colorless and Kugler colors, cut Assembled (six elements)

 

Images used with permission, courtesy of the Art Alliance for Contemporary Glass.

 

 

Art Crime Education

Hopefully you read my last post about art and cultural property crime, discussing what law enforcement agencies around the world are doing to combat this problem.  In case you missed it, you can read the full post at “Art and Crime”. 

This is a growing area of specialty study and relates to a variety of fields including appraisal, investigation,  insurance, art law, security, museums and conservation.

As a person who continually looks for educational opportunities, I’d like to share some of the upcoming events I’ve found relating to art crime:

Art Crime Investigation Seminar

Philadelphia, PA, June 10-15, 2012

Symposium on Criminality in the Art  and Cultural Property World

Toronto, Ontario, Canada, June 15-16, 2012

The World of Art and the Fine Art of Crime Symposium

North Easton, MA, July 30 – August 3, 2012

 

 

 

 

ART and CRIME

 When it comes to art and cultural property crime, we’re used to hearing about high profile thefts at museums.  According to the Art Loss Register, over 50% of thefts occur from private collections.  There are hundreds of thousands of reported art crimes each year, not to mention those unreported.  This includes theft, fraud and looting as well as trafficking across state lines and international borders.  The category of art crime is rather broad and can include fine art, antiquities, collectibles, musical instruments, antiques, pottery, glass, silver, books, documents, textiles and much more.

In the March issue of the FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin, there is an excellent article discussing many of the issues relating to worldwide art crime:  Protecting Cultural Heritage from Art Theft by Noah Charney, Paul Denton, and John Kleberg.  It discusses how art crime on local and international levels potentially funds organized crime and terrorist activities.   It also discusses what law enforcement agencies around the world are doing to combat this problem.

The FBI has an Art Crime Team with 14 special agents.  They conduct investigations and manage the National Stolen Art File, a search-able database of stolen art and cultural property objects.  An FBI Agent spoke to an appraisers meeting I attended a few years ago, and stated that 80% of the signatures on celebrity and sports memorabilia were fake.  Buyer beware!

In Southern California where I live, the Los Angeles Police Department Art Theft Detail is charged with investigating thefts, fakes, frauds and forgeries.  They also publish a list of alerts and latest stolen art.

Personal property appraisers need to be aware of these issues, and exercise due diligence on appraisal assignments.  Owners may be unaware they have been given or purchased a suspicious object with an unclear title.   Items with questionable provenance or title may have a lower value, and ownership rights are subject to challenges and claims. 

ADDITIONAL RESOURCES:

Art Loss Register http://www.artloss.com/en

Association for Research into Crimes against Art  http://artcrime.info/

Fine Art Registry http://www.fineartregistry.com/

International Foundation For Art Research http://www.ifar.org/